Port In Use

Port Assignments for Commonly-Used Services

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There are many services associated with the Windows 2000 operating system. These services might require more than one TCP or UDP port for the service to be functional. Table C.3 shows the default ports that are used by each service mentioned.

Table C.3 Default Port Assignments for Common Services

Service Name UDP TCP
Browsing datagram responses of NetBIOS over TCP/IP 138  
Browsing requests of NetBIOS over TCP/IP 137  
Client/Server Communication   135
Common Internet File System (CIFS) 445 139, 445
Content Replication Service   560
Cybercash Administration   8001
Cybercash Coin Gateway   8002
Cybercash Credit Gateway   8000
DCOM (SCM uses udp/tcp to dynamically assign ports for DCOM) 135 135
DHCP client   67
DHCP server   68
DHCP Manager   135
DNS Administration   139
DNS client to server lookup (varies) 53 53
Exchange Server 5.0    
   Client Server Communication      135
   Exchange Administrator      135
   IMAP      143
   IMAP (SSL)      993
   LDAP      389
   LDAP (SSL)      636
   MTA – X.400 over TCP/IP      102
   POP3      110
   POP3 (SSL)      995
   RPC      135
   SMTP      25
   NNTP      119
   NNTP (SSL)      563
File shares name lookup 137  
File shares session   139
FTP   21
FTP-data   20
HTTP   80
HTTP-Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)   443
Internet Information Services (IIS)   80
IMAP   143
IMAP (SSL)   993
IKE (For more information, see Table C.4) 500  
IPSec Authentication Header (AH) (For more information, see Table C.4)    
IPSec Encapsulation Security Payload (ESP) (For more information, see Table C.4)    
IRC   531
ISPMOD (SBS 2nd tier DNS registration wizard)   1234
Kerberos de-multiplexer   2053
Kerberos klogin   543
Kerberos kpasswd (v5) 464 464
Kerberos krb5 88 88
Kerberos kshell   544
L2TP 1701  
LDAP   389
LDAP (SSL)   636
Login Sequence 137, 138 139
Macintosh, File Services (AFP/IP)   548
Membership DPA   568
Membership MSN   569
Microsoft Chat client to server   6667
Microsoft Chat server to server   6665
Microsoft Message Queue Server 1801 1801
Microsoft Message Queue Server 3527 135, 2101
Microsoft Message Queue Server   2103, 2105
MTA – X.400 over TCP/IP   102
NetBT datagrams 138  
NetBT name lookups 137  
     
NetBT service sessions   139
NetLogon 138  
NetMeeting Audio Call Control   1731
NetMeeting H.323 call setup   1720
NetMeeting H.323 streaming RTP over UDP Dynamic  
NetMeeting Internet Locator Server ILS   389
NetMeeting RTP audio stream Dynamic  
NetMeeting T.120   1503
NetMeeting User Location Service   522
NetMeeting user location service ULS   522
Network Load Balancing 2504  
NNTP   119
NNTP (SSL)   563
Outlook (see for ports)    
Pass Through Verification 137, 138 139
POP3   110
POP3 (SSL)   995
PPTP control   1723
PPTP data (see Table C.4)    
Printer sharing name lookup 137  
Printer sharing session   139
Radius accounting (Routing and Remote Access) 1646 or 1813  
Radius authentication (Routing and Remote Access) 1645 or 1812  
Remote Install TFTP   69
RPC client fixed port session queries   1500
RPC client using a fixed port session replication   2500
RPC session ports   Dynamic
RPC user manager, service manager, port mapper   135
SCM used by DCOM 135 135
SMTP   25
SNMP 161  
SNMP Trap 162  
SQL Named Pipes encryption over other protocols name lookup 137  
SQL RPC encryption over other protocols name lookup 137  
SQL session   139
SQL session   1433
SQL session   1024 – 5000
SQL session mapper   135
SQL TCP client name lookup 53 53
Telnet   23
Terminal Server   3389
UNIX Printing   515
WINS Manager   135
WINS NetBios over TCP/IP name service 137  
WINS Proxy 137  
WINS Registration   137
WINS Replication   42
X400   102

A List of Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows 7!




Calculator Keyboard Shortcuts
  • Alt+1 Switch to Standard mode
  • Alt+2 Switch to Scientific mode
  • Alt+3 Switch to Programmer mode
  • Alt+4 Switch to Statistics mode
  • Alt + C Calculate or solve date calculations and worksheets
  • Ctrl + E Open date calculations
  • Ctrl + H Turn calculation history on or off
  • Ctrl + L Press the MC button
  • Ctrl + M Press the MS button
  • Ctrl + P Press the M+ button
  • Ctrl + Q Press the M- button
  • Ctrl + R Press the MR button
  • Ctrl + U Open unit conversion
  • Del Press the CE button
  • Esc Press the C button
  • F1 Open Calculator Help
  • F9 Press the +/– button
  • R Press the 1/× button
  • @ Press the square root button
  • Ctrl+ Shift + D Clear the calculation history
  • Enter Recalculate the calculation history after editing
  • Esc Cancel editing the calculation history
  • F2 Edit the calculation history
  • Down Arrow Navigate down in the calculation history
  • Up Arrow Navigate up in the calculation history
  • D Press the Mod button in Scientific mode
  • I Press the Inv button in Scientific mode
  • L Press the log button in Scientific mode
  • M Press the dms button in Scientific mode
  • N Press the ln button in Scientific mode
  • O Press the cos button in Scientific mode
  • P Press the pi button in Scientific mode
  • Q Press the x^2 button in Scientific mode
  • S Press the sin button in Scientific mode
  • T Press the tan button in Scientific mode
  • V Press the F-E button in Scientific mode
  • X Press the Exp button in Scientific mode
  • Y Press the x^y button in Scientific mode
  • Ctrl + B Press the 3√x button in Scientific mode
  • Ctrl + G Press the 10x button in Scientific mode
  • Ctrl + O Press the cosh button in Scientific mode
  • Ctrl + S Press the sinh button in Scientific mode
  • Ctrl + T Press the tanh button in Scientific mode
  • Ctrl + Y Press the y√x button in Scientific mode
  • F3 Select Degrees in Scientific mode
  • F4 Select Radians in Scientific mode
  • F5 Select Grads in Scientific mode
  • ; Press the Int button in Scientific mode
  • # Press the x^3 button in Scientific mode
  • ! Press the n! button in Scientific mode
  • F2 Select Dword in Programmer mode
  • F3 Select Word in Programmer mode
  • F4 Select Byte in Programmer mode
  • F5 Select Hex in Programmer mode
  • F6 Select Dec in Programmer mode
  • F7 Select Oct in Programmer mode
  • F8 Select Bin in Programmer mode
  • F12 Select Qword in Programmer mode
  • J Press the RoL button in Programmer mode
  • K Press the RoR button in Programmer mode
  • < Press the Lsh button in Programmer mode
  • > Press the Rsh button in Programmer mode
  • % Press the Mod button in Programmer mode
  • | Press the Or button in Programmer mode
  • ^ Press the Xor button in Programmer mode
  • ~ Press the Not button in Programmer mode
  • & Press the And button in Programmer mode
  • Spacebar Toggles the bit value in Programmer mode
  • A Press the Average button in Statistics mode
  • D Press the CAD button in Statistics mode
  • S Press the Sum button in Statistics mode
  • T Press the S.D. button in Statistics mode
  • Ctrl + A Press the Average Sq button in Statistics mode
  • Ctrl + S Press the Sum Sq button in Statistics mode
  • Ctrl + T Press the Inv S.D. button in Statistics mode






Command Prompt Keyboard Shortcuts

  • F1 or Right Arrow Auto fills characters from previously ran command one by one in the current command prompt session
  • F2 Copies characters from previously ran command in the current command prompt session
  • F3 Repeats running the last command ran in the current command prompt session
  • F5 or Up/Down Arrow Cycles through previously ran commands from command history in the current command prompt session
  • F7 Displays list of all previously ran commands in the numerical order that they were ran in from the current command prompt session. You can use the Up or Down arrow keys to cycle though them, and press Enter to run the selected command.
  • F8 Auto fills matching command name from previously ran command history in the current command prompt session when you type a charater and press F8. Continuing to press F8 will allow you to cycle through all matching names.
  • F9 When pressed, this will ask you to “Enter command number”. Type in the command number from the order it was ran (F7 to see number) in and press Enter to run the command.
  • ALT+F7 Clears command history
  • Esc Erases current line
  • Tab Auto fills matching file or folder names in current directory when you type a charater and press tab. Continuing to press tab will allow you to cycle through all matching names in current directory.





Dialog Box Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Arrow Keys Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
  • Backspace Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
  • Ctrl + Shift + Tab Move back through tabs
  • Ctrl + Tab Move forward through tabs
  • Enter Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands
  • F4 Display the items in the active list
  • Shift + Tab Move back through options
  • Spacebar Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
  • Tab Move forward through options





Ease of Access Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock Turn Mouse Keys on or off
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + PrtScn Turn High Contrast on or off
  • Num Lock (hold for 8 seconds) Turn Toggle Keys on or off
  • Right Shift (hold for 8 seconds) Turn Filter Keys on and off
  • Shift (pressed 5 times) Turn Sticky Keys on or off
  • Windows Key + U Open Ease of Access Center



Function Key Keyboard Shortcuts


NOTE: On multimedia keyboards, you may need to press the F-Lock or Function key first.

  • F1 Open Help window
  • F2 Rename the selected item
  • F3 Opens Search window
  • F4 Display the Address bar drop down list in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer
  • F5 Refresh the current active window
  • F6 Cycle through items in current active window
  • F10 Displays the menu bar in the active window and underlines the menu bar shortcut keys
  • F11 Toggle Full Screen Mode On or Off in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer
  • Alt + F4 Close the current active window or program. From the desktop, it opens the Shut Down Windows window.
  • Ctrl + F4 Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
  • Shift + F10 Open context menu of selected item






General Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + D Move focus to address bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer
  • Alt + D, Tab Move focus to search bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer
  • Alt + Enter or Alt + Double Click on File Open Properties window of selected item
  • Alt + Esc Cycle through all open windows.
  • Alt + P Turn Preview Pane on or off in Windows Explorer
  • Alt + Left Arrow Go back in Windows Explorer
  • Alt + Right Arrow Go forward in Windows Explorer
  • Alt + underlined letter Display the corresponding menu or Perform the menu command
  • Alt + Up Arrow Go Up a directory in Windows Explorer
  • Alt + Tab select a open items or windows to see.
  • Alt + Spacebar Open menu of the current active window
  • Ctrl + Alt + Tab Use the arrow keys to switch between open items or windows
  • Ctrl + Down Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
  • Ctrl + Up Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
  • Ctrl + Left Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
  • Ctrl + Right Arrow Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
  • Ctrl + Shift + Arrow Select a block of text
  • Ctrl + Arrow + Spacebar Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
  • Ctrl + A Select all items in active open window
  • Ctrl + C Copy the selected item
  • Ctrl + Esc Open Start menu
  • Ctrl + Mouse Wheel Increase or decrease icon size in current active Windows Explorer window or desktop
  • Ctrl + N Opens new Windows Explorer or Internet Explorer window
  • Ctrl + Shift + N Creates a New Folder on the active desktop or in the active Windows Explorer window.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Esc Open Task Manager
  • Ctrl + V Paste the selected item
  • Ctrl + X Cut the selected item
  • Ctrl + Y Redo an action
  • Ctrl + Z Undo an action
  • Delete Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
  • End Scroll to the bottom of the current active window
  • Esc Cancel the current task
  • Home Scroll to the top of the current active window
  • Right Arrow Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
  • Left Arrow Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
  • Shift + Arrow Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document
  • Shift + Delete Delete selected item permanently without it going to the Recycle Bin first.
  • Shift + Left Click Select a item or multiple items
  • Shift (when you insert a CD) Prevent the CD from automatically playing





Help and Support Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + A Display the customer support page
  • Alt + C Display the Table of Contents
  • Alt + N Display the Connection Settings menu
  • Alt + Left Arrow Move back to the previously viewed help topic
  • Alt + Right Arrow Move forward to the next previously viewed help topic
  • Alt + Home Display the Help and Support home page
  • Ctrl + F Search the current help topic
  • Ctrl + P Print the current help topic
  • End Move to the end of a help topic
  • F3 Move focus to the Search box
  • F10 Display the Options menu
  • Home Move the to beginning of a help topic





Magnifier Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + Alt + Arrow keys Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
  • Ctrl + Alt + D Switch to docked mode
  • Ctrl + Alt + F Switch to full-screen mode
  • Ctrl + Alt + I Invert colors
  • Ctrl + Alt + L Switch to lens mode
  • Ctrl + Alt + R Resize the lens
  • Ctrl + Alt + Spacebar Show the mouse pointer
  • Windows Key + Esc Exit Magnifier
  • Windows Key + Plus Sign (+) or Minus Sign (-) Zoom in or out





Paint Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt Display keytips
  • Alt + F4 Close a picture and its Paint window
  • Ctrl + A Select the entire picture
  • Ctrl + B Bold selected text
  • Ctrl + C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
  • Ctrl + E Open the Properties dialog box
  • Ctrl + G Show or hide gridlines
  • Ctrl + I Italicize selected text
  • Ctrl + Minus Sign (-) Decrease the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
  • Ctrl + N Create a new picture
  • Ctrl + O Open an existing picture
  • Ctrl + P Print a picture
  • Ctrl + Page Down Zoom out
  • Ctrl + Page Up Zoom in
  • Ctrl + Plus Sign (+) Increase the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
  • Ctrl + R Show or hide the ruler
  • Ctrl + S Save changes to a picture
  • Ctrl + U Underline selected text
  • Ctrl + V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
  • Ctrl + W Open the Resize and Skew dialog box
  • Ctrl + X Cut a selection
  • Ctrl + Y Redo a change
  • Ctrl + Z Undo a change
  • Delete Delete a selection
  • Esc Cancel a selection
  • F1 Open Paint Help
  • F10 Display keytips
  • Shift + F10 Show the current shortcut menu
  • F11 View a picture in full-screen mode
  • F12 Save the picture as a new file
  • Right Arrow Move the selection or active shape right by one pixel
  • Left Arrow Move the selection or active shape left by one pixel
  • Down Arrow Move the selection or active shape down by one pixel
  • Up Arrow Move the selection or active shape up by one pixel





Remote Desktop Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + Delete Display the system menu.
  • Alt + Home Display the Start menu.
  • Alt + Insert Cycle through programs in the order that they were started in.
  • Alt + Page Down Move between programs from right to left.
  • Alt + Page Up Move between programs from left to right.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Break Switch between a window and full screen.
  • Ctrl + Alt + End Display the Windows Security dialog box.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Minus Sign (-) on numeric keypad Place a copy of the active window, within the client, on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing Alt+PrtScn on a local computer).
  • Ctrl + Alt + Plus Sign (+) on numeric keypad Place a copy of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing PrtScn on a local computer).
  • Ctrl + Alt + Right Arrow Tab out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Left Arrow Tab out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.





Taskbar Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + Left Click Use on a grouped pinned taskbar program icon to cycle through the open windows in that group.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Left Click Use on a pinned taskbar program icon to open another instance of that program with administrator privileges (run as administrator)
  • Shift + Left Click Use on a pinned taskbar program icon to open another instance of that program.
  • Shift + Right Click Use on a pinned taskbar program icon to open the context menu for the icon.
  • Shift + Right Click Use on a grouped icon on the taskbar to open the context menu for the group.
  • Windows Key + (1 to 0) Opens the pinned taskbar icon that corresponds to the order that they are in from left (1) to right (0) on the taskbar. 0 is for 10.
  • Windows Key + Alt + (1 to 0) Opens the Jump List of recently accessed items for the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
  • Windows Key + Ctrl + (1 to 0) Switches to the last active window of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
  • Windows Key + Shift + (1 to 0) Starts a new instance of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number
  • Windows Key + B Makes the focus on the system tray icons (notification area icons) on the taskbar
  • Windows Key + T Cycle through programs on the taskbar. Press Enter to open the one selected.
  • Windows Key + Shift + T Cycle backwards through programs on the taskbar. Press Enter to open the one selected.





Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + D Select the address bar
  • Alt + Enter or Alt + Double Click on File Opens the Properties window of the selected item
  • Alt + P Toggle the preview pane on or off
  • Alt+Left Arrow View the previous folder
  • Alt + Right Arrow View the next folder
  • Alt + Up Arrow Go up one folder level in the path
  • Back Go back one folder level in the path
  • Ctrl + E Select the search box
  • Ctrl + Mouse scroll wheel Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
  • Ctrl + N Open a new window
  • Ctrl + Shift + N Creates a New Folder on the active desktop or in the active Windows Explorer window.
  • End Display the bottom of the active window
  • F11 Maximize or minimize the active window
  • Home Display the top of the active window
  • Num Lock + Asterisk (*) on numeric keypad Display all subfolders under the selected folder
  • Num Lock + Plus Sign (+) on numeric keypad Display the contents of the selected folder
  • Num Lock + Minus Sign (-) on numeric keypad Collapse the selected folder
  • Left Arrow Collapse the current selection (if it’s expanded), or select the parent folder
  • Right Arrow Display the current selection (if it’s collapsed), or select the first subfolder
  • Shift+Right Click on a file Adds Copy as Path, which copies the path of a file to the clipboard.
  • Shift+Right-Click on a file Adds extra hidden items to the Send To context menu.
  • Shift+Right-Click on a folder Adds Open Command Prompt Here to the context menu.





Windows Journal Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + F4 Close a note and its Journal window
  • Ctrl + A Select all items on a page
  • Ctrl + C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
  • Ctrl + Shift + C Display a shortcut menu for column headings in a note list
  • Ctrl + F Start a basic find
  • Ctrl + G Go to a page
  • Ctrl + N Start a new note
  • Ctrl + O Open a recently used note
  • Ctrl + P Print a note
  • Ctrl + S Save changes to a note
  • Ctrl + V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
  • Ctrl + Shift + V Move a note to a specific folder
  • Ctrl + X Cut a selection
  • Ctrl + Y Redo a change
  • Ctrl + Z Undo a change
  • Esc Cancel a selection
  • Delete Delete a selection
  • F1 Open Journal Help
  • F5 Refresh find results or Refresh the note list
  • F6 Toggle between a note list and a note
  • F11 View a note in full-screen mode





Windows Logo Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Windows Key Open or close the Start menu
  • Windows Key + Pause/Break Opens the System properties window
  • Windows Key + B Moves focus to the program that displayed a message in the Notification Area on the taskbar
  • Ctrl + Windows Key + B Switch focus to the program that displayed a message in the notification area
  • Windows Key + D Toggles to Show Desktop and restore desktop
  • Windows Key + M Minimize all opened windows
  • Windows Key + Shift + M Restore minimized windows to the desktop
  • Windows Key + E Open Window Explorer to Libraries
  • Windows Key + F Open Search window
  • Ctrl + Windows Key + F Search for computers (if you are on a network)
  • Windows Key + G Displays desktop gadgets
  • Windows Key + L Lock your computer or switch users
  • Windows Key + P Displays desktop to projector display presentation switch window.
  • Windows Key + R Open Run command window
  • Windows Key + T Cycle through programs on the taskbar. Press Enter to open the one selected.
  • Windows Key + Shift + T Cycle backwards through programs on the taskbar. Press Enter to open the one selected.
  • Windows Key + Tab Cycle through open windows by using Flip 3D. Release to open the window in the front.
  • Ctrl+Windows Key + Tab Use the tab or left and right arrow keys to cycle through open windows by using Flip 3D. Press enter or click on the first window to open the window in the front.
  • Windows Key + U Open Ease of Access Center
  • Windows Key + X Open Windows Mobility Center
  • Windows Key + Spacebar Press and hold for a Desktop Preview. Also known as Aero Peak.
  • Windows Key + 1 to 0 Opens the program pinned to the taskbar that corresponds to the order that they are in from left (1) to right (0) on the taskbar. 0 is for 10.
  • Ctrl+Windows Key + 1 to 0 Switch to the last active window of the program pinned to the taskbar that corresponds to the order that they are in from left (1) to right (0) on the taskbar. 0 is for 10.
  • Shift + Windows Key + 1 to 0 Start a new instance of the program pinned to the taskbar that corresponds to the order that they are in from left (1) to right (0) on the taskbar. 0 is for 10. If the program is already running, switch to that program.
  • Windows Key + Left Arrow Docks and undocks current active window to the left side of the screen.
  • Windows Key + Shift+ Left Arrow Moves the current active window over one monitor to the left.
  • Windows Key + Right Arrow Docks and undocks current active window to the right side of the screen.
  • Windows Key, Right Arrow, Enter Shutdown
  • Windows Key, Right Arrow, Right Arrow, R Restart
  • Windows Key, Right Arrow, Right Arrow, S Sleep
  • Windows Key, Right Arrow, Right Arrow, W Switch Users
  • Windows Key + Shift+ Right Arrow Moves the current active window over one monitor to the right.
  • Windows Key + Up Arrow Maximizes current active window to full screen.
  • Windows Key + Shift + Up Arrow Maximizes current active window vertically.
  • Windows Key + Shift + Down Arrow Restores vertically maximized current active window back to the way it was before maximized vertically.
  • Windows Key + Down Arrow Minimizes current active window to taskbar.
  • Windows Key + Home Toggles minimize and restore not active open windows.
  • Windows Key + + Zoom in
  • Windows Key + – Zoom out
  • Windows Key + = Open Magnifier





Windows Media Center Basic Navigation Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + Enter Go in or out of full-screen mode
  • Arrow keys Move left, right, up, or down
  • Backspace Go back to previous screen
  • End Go to the last item in list
  • Enter Accept a selection
  • Home Go to the first item in list
  • Windows Key + Alt + Enter Open Media Center or Return to Media Center start screen





Windows Media Center Audio Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + B Go to the beginning of the current song
  • Ctrl + D Display the shortcut menu
  • Ctrl + F Skip to the next song
  • Ctrl + M Go to the Music library page
  • Ctrl + P Pause a song
  • Ctrl + R Rip a CD
  • Ctrl + Shift + F Fast forward a song
  • Ctrl + Shift + P Play a song
  • Ctrl + Shift + S Stop playing a song
  • F8 Mute or unmute volume
  • F9 Turn down volume
  • F10 Turn up volume





Windows Media Center View Pictures Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + D Display the shortcut menu
  • Ctrl + I Go to pictures
  • Ctrl + P Pause or resume a slide show
  • Ctrl + Shift + P Play a slide show
  • Ctrl + Shift + S Stop a slide show
  • Enter Zoom in on a picture
  • Up Arrow or Left Arrow Skip back to the previous picture
  • Down Arrow or Right Arrow Skip forward to the next picture





Windows Media Center Watch & Record TV Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + B Skip back
  • Ctrl + D Display the shortcut menu
  • Ctrl + F Skip forward
  • Ctrl + G Go to the Guide
  • Ctrl + O Go to Recorded TV
  • Ctrl + P Pause or resume live TV or recorded TV
  • Ctrl + R Record a TV Show
  • Ctrl + Shift + B Rewind live TV or recorded TV
  • Ctrl + Shift + F Fast forward live TV or recorded TV
  • Ctrl + Shift + P Resume playing a TV show
  • Ctrl + Shift + S Stop recording or stop playing a TV show
  • Ctrl + Shift + Z Change the screen aspect ratio (zoom)
  • Ctrl + T Go to live TV
  • Page Up – Go to the next channel
  • Page Down – Go to the previous channel





Windows Media Center Play DVDs Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + B Go to previous chapter
  • Ctrl + F Go to next chapter
  • Ctrl + P Pause or resume a DVD
  • Ctrl + Shift + A Change the DVD audio selection
  • Ctrl + Shift + B Rewind a DVD
  • Ctrl + Shift + F Fast forward a DVD
  • Ctrl + Shift + M Go to the DVD menu
  • Ctrl + Shift + P Play a DVD
  • Ctrl + Shift + S Stop a DVD
  • Ctrl + Shift + Z Change the screen aspect ratio (zoom)





Windows Media Center Play Videos Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + B Skip back
  • Ctrl + E Go to Videos
  • Ctrl + F Skip forward
  • Ctrl + P Pause or resume a video
  • Ctrl + Shift + B Rewind a video
  • Ctrl + Shift + F Fast forward a video
  • Ctrl + Shift + P Play a video
  • Ctrl + Shift + S Stop a video
  • Ctrl + Shift + Z Change the screen aspect ratio (zoom)





Windows Media Player Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + 1 Video Size 50% in Now Playing or skin mode, with a video playing
  • Alt + 2 Video Size 100% in Now Playing or skin mode, with a video playing
  • Alt + 3 Video Size 200% in Now Playing or skin mode, with a video playing
  • Alt + Enter Full Screen Toggle in Now Playing, skin, or full screen mode
  • Ctrl + 1 Switches to library mode from any mode
  • Ctrl + 2 Switches to skin mode from any mode
  • Ctrl + 3 Switches to player mode from any mode except full screen
  • Ctrl + 7 Add to Play in library mode
  • Ctrl + 8 Add to Burn in library mode
  • Ctrl + 9 Add to Sync in library mode
  • Ctrl + A Selects everything in a list in the library or list
  • Ctrl + B Previous (Item or Chapter) with content playing
  • Ctrl + E Focus on Search text box and switch to library mode if not there
  • Ctrl + F Next (Item or Chapter) with content playing
  • Ctrl + H Turn on/off shuffle mode
  • Ctrl + J Eject in any mode
  • Ctrl + M Toggle menu bar in library in any mode
  • Ctrl + N Create playlist in library mode
  • Ctrl + O Shows Open Dialog in any mode
  • Ctrl + P Play/Pause Toggle with content queued up
  • Ctrl + Q Adds selected track to open list. Default is Play list.
  • Ctrl + S Stops Playback with content playing
  • Ctrl + T Turn on/off repeat mode in any mode
  • Ctrl + U Shows Open URL Dialog in any mode
  • Ctrl + W Stops playback with content playing or paused
  • Ctrl + Shift + B Rewinds playing content with DVD playing
  • Ctrl + Shift + C Caption On/Off Toggle when playing content which has captions
  • Ctrl + Shift + F Fast forwards playing content with content playing
  • Ctrl + Shift + G Play Speed Fast with content playing
  • Ctrl + Shift + N Play Speed Normal with content playing
  • Ctrl + Shift + S Play Speed Slow with content playing
  • Ctrl + Right Arrow Next playlist in playlist history when focus is not on Seek bar
  • Ctrl + Left Arrow Previous playlist in playlist history when focus is not on Seek bar
  • Ctrl + Right Arrow Skip forward (large increment) when focus is on Seek bar
  • Ctrl + Left Arrow Skip backward (large increment) when focus is on Seek bar
  • Shift + Right Arrow Skip forward (small increment) when focus is on Seek bar
  • Shift + Left Arrow Skip backward (small increment) when focus is on Seek bar
  • Right Arrow Skip forward when focus is on Seek bar
  • Left Arrow Skip backward when focus is on Seek bar
  • Ctrl + Click Resize player to image in Now Playing mode
  • Escape Return to Now Playing in Full Screen Mode
  • F1 Opens Help file in any mode
  • F2 Edit meta data column in library mode with an item selected
  • F4 Switch view mode in library mode, focus in list view
  • F5 Refresh screen when focus is on library or in online services
  • F6 Increases album art when focus is in list view
  • Shift + F6 Decreases album art when focus is in list view
  • F7 Mutes sound in any mode
  • F8 Decrease sound volume in any mode
  • F9 Increases sound volume in any mode
  • F10 Show menu bar in library from any mode
  • Shift + F10 Context menu shortcut in any mode




WordPad Keyboard Shortcuts

  • Alt + F4 Close WordPad
  • Ctrl + 1 Set single line spacing
  • Ctrl + 2 Set double line spacing
  • Ctrl + 5 Set line spacing to 1.5
  • Ctrl + A Select the entire document
  • Ctrl + Shift + A Change characters to all capitals
  • Ctrl + B Make selected text bold
  • Ctrl + C Copy a selection to the Clipboard
  • Ctrl + D Insert a Microsoft Paint drawing
  • Ctrl + Delete Delete the next word
  • Ctrl + E Align text center
  • Ctrl + End Move to the end of the document
  • Ctrl + F Find text in a document
  • Ctrl + H Replace text in a document
  • Ctrl + Home Move to the beginning of the document
  • Ctrl + I Italicize selected text
  • Ctrl + J Justify text
  • Ctrl + L Align text left
  • Ctrl + Shift + L Change the bullet style
  • Ctrl + N Create a new document
  • Ctrl + O Open an existing document
  • Ctrl + P Print a document
  • Ctrl + Page Down Move down one page
  • Ctrl + Page Up Move up one page
  • Ctrl + R Align text right
  • Ctrl + S Save changes to a document
  • Ctrl + U Underline selected text
  • Ctrl + V Paste a selection from the Clipboard
  • Ctrl + X Cut a selection
  • Ctrl + Y Redo a change
  • Ctrl + Z Undo a change
  • Ctrl + = Make selected text subscript
  • Ctrl + Shift + = Make selected text superscript
  • Ctrl + Shift + > Increase the font size
  • Ctrl + Shift + < Decrease the font size
  • Ctrl + Left Arrow Move the cursor one word to the left
  • Ctrl + Right Arrow Move the cursor one word to the right
  • Ctrl + Up Arrow Move the cursor to the line above
  • Ctrl + Down Arrow Move the cursor to the line below
  • F1 Open WordPad Help
  • F3 Find the next instance of the text in the Find dialog box
  • F10 Display keytips
  • Shift + F10 Show the current shortcut menu
  • F12 Save the document as a new file

source:sevenforums.com

Shell Command in Window 7!

Tip   Tip
You can find the shell commands listed at this registry location:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\explorer\FolderDescriptions

Note   Note
The Shell commands that are new in Windows 7 from Vista are bolded in red.You can use the shell commands with either format below:

shell:command

OR

explorer shell:command

Shell Command Path of Folder it Opens
shell:AddNewProgramsFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Get Programs
shell:Administrative Tools hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Administrative Tools
shell:AppData hidden C:\Users\(User-Name)\AppData\Roaming
shell:AppUpdatesFolder Installed Updates
shell:Cache hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files
shell:CD Burning hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Burn\Burn
shell:ChangeRemoveProgramsFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Programs and Features
shell:Common Administrative Tools hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Administrative Tools
shell:Common AppData hidden C:\ProgramData
shell:Common Desktop C:\Users\Public\Desktop
shell:Common Documents C:\Users\Public\Documents
shell:CommonDownloads C:\Users\Public\Downloads
shell:CommonMusic C:\Users\Public\Music
shell:CommonPictures C:\Users\Public\Pictures
shell:Common Programs hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs
shell:CommonRingtones hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Ringtones
shell:Common Start Menu hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu
shell:Common Startup hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup
shell:Common Templates hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Templates
shell:CommonVideo C:\Users\Public\Videos
shell:ConflictFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Sync Center\Conflicts
shell:ConnectionsFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Network Connections
shell:Contacts C:\Users\User-Name\Contacts
shell:ControlPanelFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items
shell:Cookies hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Cookies
shell:Cookies\Low hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Cookies\Low
shell:CredentialManager hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Credentials
shell:CryptoKeys hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Crypto
shell:default Gadgets C:\Program Files\Windows Sidebar\Gadgets
shell:desktop C:\Users\User-Name\Desktop
shell:device Metadata Store hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\DeviceMetadataStore
shell:documentsLibrary Libraries\Documents
shell:downloads C:\Users\User-Name\Downloads
shell:dpapiKeys hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Protect
shell:Favorites C:\Users\User-Name\Favorites
shell:Fonts C:\Windows\Fonts
shell:Gadgets hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows Sidebar\Gadgets
shell:Games Games
shell:GameTasks hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\GameExplorer
shell:History hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\History
Shell:HomeGroupFolder Homegroup
shell:ImplicitAppShortcuts hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch\User Pinned\ImplicitAppShortcuts
shell:InternetFolder 32-bit Internet Explorer.
shell:Links C:\Users\User-Name\Links
shell:Libraries Libraries
shell:Local AppData hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Local
shell:LocalAppDataLow hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\LocalLow
shell:MusicLibrary Libraries\Music
shell:My Music C:\Users\User-Name\Music
shell:My Pictures C:\Users\User-Name\Pictures
shell:My Video C:\Users\User-Name\Videos
shell:MyComputerFolder Computer
shell:NetHood hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Network Shortcuts
shell:NetworkPlacesFolder Network
shell:Personal C:\Users\User-Name\Documents
shell:PicturesLibrary Libraries\Pictures
shell:PrintersFolder All Control Panel Items\Printers
shell:PrintHood hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Printer Shortcuts
shell:Profile C:\Users\User-Name
shell:ProgramFiles C:\Program Files
shell:ProgramFilesCommon C:\Program Files\Common Files
shell:ProgramFilesCommonX64 C:\Program Files\Common Files (in 64-bit Windows only)
shell:ProgramFilesCommonX86 C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files (in 64-bit Windows only)
shell:ProgramFilesX64 C:\Program Files (in 64-bit Windows only)
shell:ProgramFilesX86 C:\Program Files (x86) (in 64-bit Windows only)
shell:Programs hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs
shell:Public C:\Public
shell:PublicGameTasks hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\GameExplorer
Shell:PublicLibraries C:\Users\Public\Libraries
shell:PublicSuggestedLocations C:\Users\Public\Library\PublicSuggestedLocations
shell:Quick Launch hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch
shell:Recent hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent
shell:RecycleBinFolder Recycle Bin
shell:ResourceDir C:\Windows\Resources
shell:Ringtones hidden C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Ringtones
shell:SampleMusic C:\Users\Public\Music\Sample Music
shell:SamplePictures C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures
shell:SampleVideos C:\Users\Public\Videos\Sample Videos
shell:SavedGames C:\Users\User-Name\Saved Games
shell:Searches C:\Users\User-Name\Searches
shell:SearchHomeFolder search-ms:
shell:SendTo hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\SendTo
shell:Start Menu hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu
shell:Startup hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup
shell:SyncCenterFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Sync Center
shell:SyncResultsFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Sync Center\Sync Results
shell:SyncSetupFolder Control Panel\All Control Panel Items\Sync Center\Sync Setup
shell:System C:\Windows\System32
shell:SystemCertificates hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\SystemCertificates
shell:SystemX86 C:\Windows\SysWOW64
shell:Templates hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Templates
shell:User Pinned hidden C:\Users\User-Name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch\User Pinned
shell:UserProfiles C:\Users
shell:UsersFilesFolder C:\Users\User-Name
shell:UsersLibrariesFolder Libraries
shell:VideosLibrary Libraries\Videos
shell:Windows C:\Windows

source:servenforum.com

Run Commands for Windows 7

Administrative Tools

Administrative Tools = control admintools
Authorization Manager = azman.msc
Component Services = dcomcnfg
Certificate Manager = certmgr.msc
Direct X Troubleshooter = dxdiag 
Display Languages = lpksetup
ODBC Data Source Administrator = odbcad32
File Signature Verification Tool = sigverif
Group Policy Editor = gpedit.msc
Add Hardware Wizard = hdwwiz.cpl
iSCSI Initiator = iscsicpl
Iexpress Wizard = iexpress
Local Security Settings = secpol.msc
Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool = msdt
Microsoft Management Console = mmc
Print management = printmanagement.msc
Printer User Interface = printui
Problems Steps Recorder = psr
People Near Me = p2phost 
Registry Editor = regedit or regedt32
Resoure Monitor = resmon
System Configuration Utility = msconfig
Resultant Set of Policy = rsop.msc
SQL Server Client Configuration = cliconfg
Task Manager = taskmgr
Trusted Platform Module = tpm.msc
TPM Security Hardware = TpmInit 
Windows Remote Assistance = msra
Windows Share Folder Creation Wizard = shrpubw
Windows Standalong Update Manager = wusa
Windows System Security Tool = syskey
Windows Script Host Settings = wscript
Windows Version = winver
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security = wf.msc
Windows Memory Diagnostic = MdSched
Windows Malicious Removal Tool = mrt

Computer Management

Computer Management = compmgmt.msc or CompMgmtLauncher
Task Scheduler = control schedtasks
Event Viewer = eventvwr.msc
Shared Folders/MMC = fsmgmt.msc
Local Users and Groups = lusrmgr.msc
Performance Monitor = perfmon.msc
Device Manager = devmgmt.msc
Disk Management = diskmgmt.msc
Services = services.msc
Windows Management Infrastructure = wmimgmt.msc

Conrtol Panel

Control Panel = control
Action Center= wscui.cpl 
Autoplay = control.exe /name Microsoft.autoplay
Backup and Restore = sdclt
Create a System Repair disc = recdisc
BDE Administrator = bdeadmin.cpl
Color Management = colorcpl 
Credential Manager = control.exe /name Microsoft.CredentialManager
Credential Manager Stored User Names and Passwords = credwiz
Date and Time Properties = timedate.cpl
Default Programs = control.exe /name Microsoft.DefaultPrograms
Set Program Access and Computer Defaults = control appwiz.cpl,,3 or ComputerDefaults
Devices and Printers = control printers
Devices and Printers Add a Device = DevicePairingWizard
Display = dpiscaling 
Screen Resolution = desk.cpl
Display Color Calibration = dccw 
Cleartype Text Tuner = cttune 
Folders Options = control folders
Fonts = control fonts
Getting Started = GettingStarted
HomeGroup = control.exe /name Microsoft.HomeGroup
Indexing Options = control.exe /name Microsoft.IndexingOptions
Internet Properties = inetcpl.cpl
Keyboard = control keyboard
Location and Other Sensors = control.exe /name Microsoft.LocationandOtherSensors 
Location Notifications = LocationNotifications
Mouse = control mouse or main.cpl
Network and Sharing Center = control.exe /name Microsoft.NetworkandSharingCenter
Network Connections = control netconnections or ncpa.cpl
Notification Area Icons = control.exe /name Microsoft.NotificationAreaIcons
Parental Controls = control.exe /name Microsoft.ParentalControls
Performance Information = control.exe /name Microsoft.PerformanceInformationandTools
Personalization = control desktop
Windows Color and Appearance = control color
Phone and Modem Options = telephon.cpl
Power Configuration = powercfg.cpl
Programs and Features = appwiz.cpl or control appwiz.cpl
Optional Features Manager = optionalfeatures or control appwiz.cpl,,2
Recovery = control.exe /name Microsoft.Recovery
Regional and Language = intl.cpl
RemoteApp = control.exe /name Microsoft.RemoteAppandDesktopConnections
Sound = mmsys.cpl
Volume Mixer = sndvol
System Properties = sysdm.cpl or Windows logo key + Pause/Break
SP ComputerName Tab = SystemPropertiesComputerName
SP Hardware Tab = SystemPropertiesHardware
SP Advanced Tab = SystemPropertiesAdvanced
SP Performance = SystemPropertiesPerformance
SP Data Execution Prevention = SystemPropertiesDataExecutionPrevention
SP Protection Tab = SystemPropertiesProtection
SP Remote Tab = SystemPropertiesRemote
Windows Activation = slui
Windows Activation Phone Numbers = slui 4
Taskbar and Start Menu = control.exe /name Microsoft.TaskbarandStartMenu
Troubleshooting = control.exe /name Microsoft.Troubleshooting
User Accounts = control.exe /name Microsoft.UserAccounts
User Account Control Settings = UserAccountControlSettings
User Accounts Windows 2000/domain version = netplwiz or control userpasswords2
Encryption File System = rekeywiz
Windows Anytime Upgrade = WindowsAnytimeUpgradeui
Windows Anytime Upgrade Results = WindowsAnytimeUpgradeResults
Windows CardSpace = control.exe /name Microsoft.cardspace
Windows Firewall = firewall.cpl
WindowsSideshow = control.exe /name Microsoft.WindowsSideshow
Windows Update App Manager = wuapp

Accessories

Calculator = calc
Command Prompt = cmd
Connect to a Network Projector = NetProj
Presentation Settings = PresentationSettings
Connect to a Projector = displayswitch or Windows logo key + P
Notepad = notepad
Microsoft Paint = mspaint.exe
Remote Desktop Connection = mstsc
Run = Windows logo key + R
Snipping Tool = snippingtool 
Sound Recorder = soundrecorder 
Sticky Note = StikyNot 
Sync Center = mobsync
Windows Mobility Center (Only on Laptops) = mblctr or Windows logo key + X
Windows Explorer = explorer or Windows logo key + E 
Wordpad = write
Ease of Access Center = utilman or Windows logo key + U
Magnifier = magnify
Narrator = Narrator
On Screen Keyboard = osk
Private Character Editor = eudcedit
Character Map = charmap
Ditilizer Calibration Tool = tabcal
Disk Cleanup Utility = cleanmgr
Defragment User Interface = dfrgui
Internet Explorer = iexplore
Rating System = ticrf
Internet Explorer (No Add-ons) = iexplore -extoff
Internet Explorer (No Home) = iexplore about:blank
Phone Dialer = dialer
Printer Migration = PrintBrmUi
System Information = msinfo32
System Restore = rstrui
Windows Easy Transfer = migwiz
Windows Media Player = wmplayer
Windows Media Player DVD Player = dvdplay
Windows Fax and Scan Cover Page Editor = fxscover
Windows Fax and Scan = wfs
Windows Image Acquisition = wiaacmgr
Windows PowerShell ISE = powershell_ise
Windows PowerShell = powershell
XPS Viewer = xpsrchvw

Open Documents folder = documents
Open Pictures folder = pictures
Open Music folder = music
Open Videos folder = videos
Open Downloads folder = downloads
Open Favorites folder = favorites
Open Recent folder = recent
Logs out of Windows = logoff
Locks User Account = Windows logo Key + L 
Source:sevenforums.com